A Rus or Scandinavian-Rus viking Borre style sword chape
I know that I hung on a windy tree
nine long nights
wounded with a spear, dedicated to Odin
myself to myself
on that tree of wich no man knows
from where its roots turn
Stanza 137 of Hávámal
Having had the opportunity to hold a similar sword chape in hand a few years ago, I wasn't quite happy in the end by the quality of the chape in respect to the prize I had paid for it. Viking Age artefacts from good quality with a distinct Scandinavian art style decoration aren't easy too get and (very) valuable.
Sometimes in life, one gets a second chance..
It is from the 10th century and was found in the Ukrain in the Vinnitsa region. Several of this type of chapes were found in settlements (Araisa, Steigen, Birka, Hedeby, Nimschütz) rather than graves and without their swords. Charlotte Hedenstierna- Johnson notes that "the total number of known sword chapes dating from the Viking Age is extremely limited" and that their distribution differs from that of the swords. "In fact they are generally uncommon, and even though they are mainly connected with a high status weapon, the sword, this is not Always the case. They also appear on their own and seem to have a meaning and value apart from being the decorative end of a scabbard."
This sword chape depicts a face within Borre style interlace/knots wich, concerning to Ru Smith, is connected to the Hávámal story of Odin's self sacrifice. He highlighted the design elements of the example he has and clearly a figure can be seen, hanging within interlaced branches with leaves. David Mullaly commented: 'I've actually read at least one commentary which suggested that the face in the center surrounded by the interlaced design is that of Jesus. The fact that much of the Borre-decorated items were made fairly early in the Viking Age would suggest that the Christianization of Scandinavia and even more so the East would have been too late to have such a prominent place on a sword scabbard like this. Odin or another Norse deity is a much likelier identification'.
According to Ambrosiani (2001) "The limited number of motifs to be found on chapes indicate that they were designed to symbolise something very particular. One possibility is that they functioned as symbols of rank or office".
In an earlier article I have suggested "Why not depict 0din on a sword chape, to protect the carrier of the sword
by giving him the wisdom of 0din in battle and remembering the sacrifice one needs in life to achieve its goals?" Of course, all these thoughts are highly speculative and remain in the Viking Age mist for over 1000 years now..
Ambrosiani, B. 2001. The Birka Falcon. Eastern Connections Part One: The Falcon Motif. Birka Studies V. B.
Androshchuk, F. & Zotsenko, V. 2012 (Scandinavian Antiquities of Southern Rus'. ACHCByz, Paris, 367 pp.)
Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte. 2002. A group of Viking Age sword chapes reflecting the political geography of the time. Journal of Nordic Archaeological Science 13, pp. 103–112.
Larrington, Carolyne (Trans.)1999. The Poetic Edda. Oxford World's Classics.
Paulsen, P. 1953. Schwertortbänder der Wikingerzeit. Stockholm, p.
Williams, G., Pentz, P. & Wemhoff, M. (eds.) 2014. Vikings, Life and Legend. British Museum, p. 107.
Previous article on Academia: https://www.academia.edu/12528841/Odins_self_sacrifice_as_a_protection_for_the_Viking_sword_http://lifeartearth.blogspot.nl/2015/05/a-viking-sword-chape-and-havamal-story.html
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